Xianhua Piao, MD, PhD

Professor in Residence
+1 415 502-3460
Research Overview: 

During development, cells of the brain execute an astonishingly intricate choreographed process that culminates in the precise localization of neurons wired in functional networked circuitry. After the formation and wiring completed, various cells continue to dialogue to maintain normal brain function. Errors in such interactions contribute to neurodevelopmental conditions including autism, schizophrenia, and cerebral palsy as well as neurodegeneration, such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these dynamic interactions remain largely unknown. The Piao Lab seeks to understand how cells in the brain communicate with each other and with the extracellular matrix (ECM) during development and brain homeostasis and how perturbation of the communications leads to neurological disorders. Our current ongoing projects are centered on:

  1. Central Nervous System (CNS) Myelination
  2. Neuro-immune interplays during interneuron development 
  3. The impact of maternal immune activation on brain development 
  4. Molecular mechanisms underlying microglia-mediated synaptic pruning 
  5. Glial-glial and glial-neuronal interactions in Alzheimer’s disease
Primary Thematic Area: 
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Developmental & Stem Cell Biology
Research Summary: 
Neuro-immune interplay in brain development and disease.



Assessing for prenatal risk factors associated with infant neurologic morbidity using a multivariate analysis.

Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association

Jain S, Oltman S, Rogers E, Ryckman K, Petersen M, Baer RJ, Rand L, Piao X, Jelliffe-Pawlowski L

A cross-species proteomic map reveals neoteny of human synapse development.


Wang L, Pang K, Zhou L, Cebrián-Silla A, González-Granero S, Wang S, Bi Q, White ML, Ho B, Li J, Li T, Perez Y, Huang EJ, Winkler EA, Paredes MF, Kovner R, Sestan N, Pollen AA, Liu P, Li J, Piao X, García-Verdugo JM, Alvarez-Buylla A, Liu Z, Kriegstein AR

Collagen VI Is a Gi-Biased Ligand of the Adhesion GPCR GPR126/ADGRG6.


Wilde C, Chaudhry PM, Luo R, Simon KU, Piao X, Liebscher I

GPR56 S4 variant is required for microglia-mediated synaptic pruning.


Li T, Luo R, Schmidt R, D'Alessandro N, Kishore P, Zhu B, Yu D, Piao X