Susan Lynch, PhD

Director, Benioff Center for Microbiome Medicine
Associate Director, Microbiome in Inflammatory Bowel Disease program
Professor
Department of Medicine - Gastroenterology
+1 415 476-6784
Research Overview: 

A broad diversity of co-evolved microbes reside within the human body. Shaped by extrinsic and intrinsic exposures, the microbiome develops in early life and influences immune function and training. Bioactive products of the human microbiome influence host cellular populations in a co-evolved, and frequently reciprocal relationship. Our research program focuses on the role of microbiomes in the origins and chronicity of inflammatory diseases. Leveraging principals of microbial physiology with ecological theory, our research program strives to understand human microbiome genesis, establishment and influence on human immunity. Studies integrate clinical outcomes with large multi-dimensional human microbiome datasets. Leveraging observations made in human populations to inform model systems aimed at deconstructing these complex interactions, we strive to determine microbial-derived mechanisms that promote immune function and programming that contribute to the origins of childhood asthma and to established inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease.

Major goals 

  • Early-life microbiome development and immune training
  • Molecular basis of microbial-derived immunomodulation

On-going research
Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Current efforts are aimed at determining the molecular basis of fecal microbial transplant efficacy and of dietary interventions that promote disease remission in patient populations. 

Asthma. Efforts focus on determining the early-life microbial origins of allergy and asthma. In patients with established disease, identification of airway microbiome contributions to respiratory infection and exacerbation has led to a focus on development of novel interventions for specific clades of pathogenic respiratory pathogens. Other studies examine the contribution of the gut microbiome to distinct respiratory phenotypes of asthma.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Virology & Microbial Pathogenesis
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Immunology
Research Summary: 
Human Microbiome, Chronic Inflammatory Disease
Mentorship Development: 

5/2019 - ACRA: Setting training expectations for trainees on the academic career track
3/2020 - Promoting Student Mental Health
5/2021 - Sharpening your Mentoring Skills (SyMS)

Websites

Publications: 

Intestinal inflammation alters the antigen-specific immune response to a skin commensal.

Cell reports

Merana GR, Dwyer LR, Dhariwala MO, Weckel A, Gonzalez JR, Okoro JN, Cohen JN, Tamaki CM, Han J, Tasoff P, Palacios-Calderon Y, Ha CWY, Lynch SV, Segre JA, Kong HH, Kattah MG, Ma A, Scharschmidt TC

Early-life gut microbiota and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in preadolescents.

Pediatric research

Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Sitarik AR, Johnson CC, Johnson-Hooper TM, Kassem Z, Levin AM, Lynch SV, Ownby DR, Phillips JM, Yong GJM, Wegienka G, Straughen JK

Strain-resolved analysis in a randomized trial of antibiotic pretreatment and maintenance dose delivery mode with fecal microbiota transplant for ulcerative colitis.

Scientific reports

Smith BJ, Piceno Y, Zydek M, Zhang B, Syriani LA, Terdiman JP, Kassam Z, Ma A, Lynch SV, Pollard KS, El-Nachef N

Pneumonia surveillance with culture-independent metatranscriptomics in HIV-positive adults in Uganda: a cross-sectional study.

The Lancet. Microbe

Spottiswoode N, Bloomstein JD, Caldera S, Sessolo A, McCauley K, Byanyima P, Zawedde J, Kalantar K, Kaswabuli S, Rutishauser RL, Lieng MK, Davis JL, Moore J, Jan A, Iwai S, Shenoy M, Sanyu I, DeRisi JL, Lynch SV, Worodria W, Huang L, Langelier CR

Prebiotic to Improve Calcium Absorption in Postmenopausal Women After Gastric Bypass: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism

Wu KC, Cao S, Weaver CM, King NJ, Patel S, Kingman H, Sellmeyer DE, McCauley K, Li D, Lynch SV, Kim TY, Black DM, Shafer MM, Özçam M, Lin DL, Rogers SJ, Stewart L, Carter JT, Posselt AM, Schafer AL