Neil Risch, PhD

Director
Institute for Human Genetics
Research Overview: 

Dr. Risch, a statistical geneticist, genetic epidemiologist, and population geneticist is involved in a variety of projects of both a theoretical and applied nature. These studies include both clinical and population genetic projects.  He has developed novel tools and approaches for the mapping and identification of genetic variants underlying both Mendelian and non-Mendelian diseases.  For example, he contributed to the cloning of genes for torsion dystonia and hemochromatosis.  He defined admixture mapping in ethnically admixed populations as a tool for gene discovery and has applied it to such diseases as hypertension and lipidemia.  In collaboration with his colleague Kathleen Merikangas, he proposed genome-wide association studies as the next generation tool after linkage analysis for identifying novel disease susceptibility variants; this approach, now applied on a large scale, has identified thousands of novel disease and trait-related genetic variants.  Over the past decade, Dr. Risch has collaborated with colleagues at Kaiser Permanente Northern California Division of Research (where he holds an adjunct appointment) to develop a large cohort combining electronic health record information with environmental and genomic data for genetic epidemiology research related to aging.  The cohort contains approximately 110,000 individuals with genome-wide genotype and telomere length data, and has been the basis for a variety of genetic studies related to cardiovascular, metabolic and cancer outcomes.  He is also currently active in genetic epidemiologic studies of autism spectrum disorder, utilizing a large cohort of affected families identified through state of California record linkage databases.  In the realm of population genetics, he has characterized the role of ancestry in mate selection and its impact on genetic patterns of linkage disequilibrium in the population over time.  He has developed novel methods for estimating kinship in admixed populations, and also described methods of admixture analysis in populations which have undergone significant genetic drift, such as the Ashkenazi Jewish population.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Human Genetics
Secondary Thematic Area: 
None
Research Summary: 
Human Genetics, Population Genetics, Statistical Genetics, Genetic Epidemiology

Websites

Publications: 

Identification of 31 loci for mammographic density phenotypes and their associations with breast cancer risk.

Nature communications

Sieh W, Rothstein JH, Klein RJ, Alexeeff SE, Sakoda LC, Jorgenson E, McBride RB, Graff RE, McGuire V, Achacoso N, Acton L, Liang RY, Lipson JA, Rubin DL, Yaffe MJ, Easton DF, Schaefer C, Risch N, Whittemore AS, Habel LA

The role of exome sequencing in newborn screening for inborn errors of metabolism.

Nature medicine

Adhikari AN, Gallagher RC, Wang Y, Currier RJ, Amatuni G, Bassaganyas L, Chen F, Kundu K, Kvale M, Mooney SD, Nussbaum RL, Randi SS, Sanford J, Shieh JT, Srinivasan R, Sunderam U, Tang H, Vaka D, Zou Y, Koenig BA, Kwok PY, Risch N, Puck JM, Brenner SE

Analysis of putative cis-regulatory elements regulating blood pressure variation.

Human molecular genetics

Nandakumar P, Lee D, Hoffmann TJ, Ehret GB, Arking D, Ranatunga D, Li M, Grove ML, Boerwinkle E, Schaefer C, Kwok PY, Iribarren C, Risch N, Chakravarti A

Meta-analysis of 26,638 Individuals Identifies Two Genetic Loci Associated with Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction.

Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine

Choquet H, Thai KK, Jiang C, Ranatunga DK, Hoffmann TJ, Go AS, Lindsay AC, Ehm MG, Waterworth DM, Risch N, Schaefer C

A multiethnic genome-wide analysis of 44,039 individuals identifies 41 new loci associated with central corneal thickness.

Communications biology

Choquet H, Melles RB, Yin J, Hoffmann TJ, Thai KK, Kvale MN, Banda Y, Hardcastle AJ, Tuft SJ, Glymour MM, Schaefer C, Risch N, Nair KS, Hysi PG, Jorgenson E