Hani Goodarzi, PhD

Assistant Professor
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Department of Urology
+1 415 230-5189
Research Overview: 

Cancer, fundamentally, is a disease of disordered gene expression. Cancer cells rely on deregulated expression of oncogenic and tumor suppressive pathways to initiate and maintain the transformation process. Thus, delineating how cancer cells achieve such pathologic gene expression states is a crucial step towards understanding and ultimately treating cancer as a disease. Towards achieving this goal, my laboratory employs a systems biological and multidisciplinary approach that integrates computational and experimental strategies to identify and characterize key regulatory programs that underlie cancer progression. The systems-level frameworks implemented in our lab ensure a truly unbiased and systematic approach to studying this key biological challenge. Such bottom-up and agnostic approaches are crucial for discovering pathways that fall outside of our prior knowledge of regulatory interactions and would otherwise remain hidden in a top-down reductionist framework.

Featured publications:

 Goodarzi H, Nguyen HCB, Zhang S, Dill BD, Molina H, Tavazoie SF (2016). Modulated expression of specific tRNAs drives gene expression and cancer progression. Cell, 165(6), 1416-27. PMCID: PMC4915377. Co-corresponding authors

 Goodarzi H, Liu X, Nguyen HCB, Zhang S, Fish L, Tavazoie SF (2015). Endogenous tRNA-derived fragments suppress breast cancer progression. Cell 161, 1-13. PMCID: PMC4457382.

 Goodarzi H, Zhang S, Buss CG, Fish L, Tavazoie S, Tavazoie SF (2014). Metastasis-suppressor transcript destabilization through TARBP2 binding of mRNA hairpins. Nature, 513(7517):256-60. PMCID: PMC4440807.

Oikonomou P*, Goodarzi H*, Tavazoie S (2014). Systematic Identification of Regulatory Elements in Conserved 3’ UTRs of Human Transcripts. Cell Reports 7(1): p281–292. PMCID: PMC4430845. *Equal contribution

Goodarzi H, Najafabadi HS, Oikonomou P, Greco TM, Fish L, Salavati R, Cristea IM, Tavazoie S (2012). Systematic discovery of structural elements governing stability of mammalian messenger RNAs. Nature, 485, 264-268. PMCID: PMC3350620

Primary Thematic Area: 
Cancer Biology & Cell Signaling
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Human Genetics
Research Summary: 
Our lab focuses on developing computational and experimental strategies to reveal and mechanistically characterize novel regulatory pathways that drive cancer metastasis.

Websites

Publications: 

Tumoural activation of TLR3-SLIT2 axis in endothelium drives metastasis.

Nature

Tavora B, Mederer T, Wessel KJ, Ruffing S, Sadjadi M, Missmahl M, Ostendorf BN, Liu X, Kim JY, Olsen O, Welm AL, Goodarzi H, Tavazoie SF

The DNA methylation landscape of advanced prostate cancer.

Nature genetics

Zhao SG, Chen WS, Li H, Foye A, Zhang M, Sjöström M, Aggarwal R, Playdle D, Liao A, Alumkal JJ, Das R, Chou J, Hua JT, Barnard TJ, Bailey AM, Chow ED, Perry MD, Dang HX, Yang R, Moussavi-Baygi R, Zhang L, Alshalalfa M, Laura Chang S, Houlahan KE, Shiah YJ, Beer TM, Thomas G, Chi KN, Gleave M, Zoubeidi A, Reiter RE, Rettig MB, Witte O, Yvonne Kim M, Fong L, Spratt DE, Morgan TM, Bose R, Huang FW, Li H, Chesner L, Shenoy T, Goodarzi H, Asangani IA, Sandhu S, Lang JM, Mahajan NP, Lara PN, Evans CP, Febbo P, Batzoglou S, Knudsen KE, He HH, Huang J, Zwart W, Costello JF, Luo J, Tomlins SA, Wyatt AW, Dehm SM, Ashworth A, Gilbert LA, Boutros PC, Farh K, Chinnaiyan AM, Maher CA, Small EJ, Quigley DA, Feng FY

RBMS1 suppresses colon cancer metastasis through targeted stabilization of its mRNA regulon.

Cancer discovery

Yu J, Navickas A, Asgharian H, Culbertson B, Fish L, Garcia K, Olegario JP, Dermit M, Dodel M, Hanisch B, Luo Y, Weinberg EM, Dienstmann R, Warren RS, Mardakheh FK, Goodarzi H

Androgen Regulates SARS-CoV-2 Receptor Levels and Is Associated with Severe COVID-19 Symptoms in Men.

bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology

Ghazizadeh Z, Majd H, Richter M, Samuel R, Zekavat SM, Asgharian H, Farahvashi S, Kalantari A, Ramirez J, Zhao H, Natarajan P, Goodarzi H, Fattahi F

The LC3-conjugation machinery specifies the loading of RNA-binding proteins into extracellular vesicles.

Nature cell biology

Leidal AM, Huang HH, Marsh T, Solvik T, Zhang D, Ye J, Kai F, Goldsmith J, Liu JY, Huang YH, Monkkonen T, Vlahakis A, Huang EJ, Goodarzi H, Yu L, Wiita AP, Debnath J