Charles Chiu, MD, PhD

Director, UCSF-Abbott Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center (VDDC)
Associate Director, UCSF Clinical Microbiology Laboratory
Professor
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease
+1 415 514-8219
Research Overview: 

I am an infectious diseases physician and microbiologist and lead a translational research laboratory focusing on (i) metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) assay development for infectious disease diagnostics, (ii) discovery and characterization of emerging viral pathogens, and (iii) development of new bioinformatic tools and cutting-edge genomic technologies for clinical and public health applications. Current projects in my laboratory include (i) pathogen discovery in tickborne infections, acute febrile illness, and blood screening, (ii) investigating links between enterovirus infection and acute flaccid myelitis, and (iii) cell culture, human, and animal studies of Zika virus infection in acutely infected patients and pregnant women. We are also actively leveraging nanopore sequencing for diagnosis and surveillance of febrile illnesses in remote locations, including point-of-care outbreak settings and aboard the International Space Station, and developing bioinformatic pipelines for pathogen identification and host response characterization. Finally, we are investigating the use of machine-learning based methods for generation of models that can predict the cause of infection on the basis of RNA-Seq transcriptomic data.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Virology & Microbial Pathogenesis
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Immunology
Research Summary: 
Metagenomics-Based Technologies for Virus Detection and Discovery

Websites

Publications: 

Magnitude and determinants of SARS-CoV-2 household transmission: a longitudinal cohort study.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Daniel Kelly J, Lu S, Anglin K, Garcia-Knight M, Pineda-Ramirez J, Goldberg SA, Tassetto M, Zhang A, Donohue K, Davidson MC, Romero M, Sanchez RD, Djomaleu M, Mathur S, Chen JY, Forman CA, Servellita V, Montejano RD, Shak JR, Rutherford GW, Deeks SG, Abedi GR, Rolfes MA, Saydah S, Briggs-Hagen M, Peluso MJ, Chiu C, Midgley CM, Andino R, Martin JN

Contact tracing outcomes among household contacts of fully vaccinated COVID-19 patients - San Francisco, California, January 29-July 2, 2021.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Sachdev DD, Chew Ng R, Sankaran M, Ernst A, Hernandez KT, Servellita V, Sotomayor-Gonzalez A, Stoltey J, Cohen SE, Nguyen TQ, Chiu C, Philip S

Transfusion-Transmitted Cache Valley Virus Infection in a Kidney Transplant Recipient with Meningoencephalitis.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Al-Heeti O, Wu EL, Ison MG, Saluja RK, Ramsey G, Matkovic E, Ha K, Hall S, Banach B, Wilson MR, Miller S, Chiu CY, McCabe M, Bari C, Zimler RA, Babiker H, Freeman D, Popovitch J, Annambhotla P, Lehman JA, Fitzpatrick K, Velez JO, Davis EH, Hughes HR, Panella A, Brault A, Erin Staples J, Gould CV, Tanna S

A diagnostic classifier for gene expression-based identification of early Lyme disease.

Communications medicine

Servellita V, Bouquet J, Rebman A, Yang T, Samayoa E, Miller S, Stone M, Lanteri M, Busch M, Tang P, Morshed M, Soloski MJ, Aucott J, Chiu CY

Metagenomic prediction of antimicrobial resistance in critically ill patients with lower respiratory tract infections.

Genome medicine

Serpa PH, Deng X, Abdelghany M, Crawford E, Malcolm K, Caldera S, Fung M, McGeever A, Kalantar KL, Lyden A, Ghale R, Deiss T, Neff N, Miller SA, Doernberg SB, Chiu CY, DeRisi JL, Calfee CS, Langelier CR