Charles Chiu, MD, PhD

Director, UCSF-Abbott Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center (VDDC)
Associate Director, UCSF Clinical Microbiology Laboratory
Professor
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease
+1 415 514-8219
Research Overview: 

I am an infectious diseases physician and microbiologist and lead a translational research laboratory focusing on (i) metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) assay development for infectious disease diagnostics, (ii) discovery and characterization of emerging viral pathogens, and (iii) development of new bioinformatic tools and cutting-edge genomic technologies for clinical and public health applications. Current projects in my laboratory include (i) pathogen discovery in tickborne infections, acute febrile illness, and blood screening, (ii) investigating links between enterovirus infection and acute flaccid myelitis, and (iii) cell culture, human, and animal studies of Zika virus infection in acutely infected patients and pregnant women. We are also actively leveraging nanopore sequencing for diagnosis and surveillance of febrile illnesses in remote locations, including point-of-care outbreak settings and aboard the International Space Station, and developing bioinformatic pipelines for pathogen identification and host response characterization. Finally, we are investigating the use of machine-learning based methods for generation of models that can predict the cause of infection on the basis of RNA-Seq transcriptomic data.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Virology & Microbial Pathogenesis
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Immunology
Research Summary: 
Metagenomics-Based Technologies for Virus Detection and Discovery

Websites

Publications: 

Author Correction: Pan-viral serology implicates enteroviruses in acute flaccid myelitis.

Nature medicine

Schubert RD, Hawes IA, Ramachandran PS, Ramesh A, Crawford ED, Pak JE, Wu W, Cheung CK, O'Donovan BD, Tato CM, Lyden A, Tan M, Sit R, Sowa GM, Sample HA, Zorn KC, Banerji D, Khan LM, Bove R, Hauser SL, Gelfand AA, Johnson-Kerner BL, Nash K, Krishnamoorthy KS, Chitnis T, Ding JZ, McMillan HJ, Chiu CY, Briggs B, Glaser CA, Yen C, Chu V, Wadford DA, Dominguez SR, Ng TFF, Marine RL, Lopez AS, Nix WA, Soldatos A, Gorman MP, Benson L, Messacar K, Konopka-Anstadt JL, Oberste MS, DeRisi JL, Wilson MR

Detection of Neoplasms by Metagenomic Next-Generation Sequencing of Cerebrospinal Fluid.

JAMA neurology

Gu W, Rauschecker AM, Hsu E, Zorn KC, Sucu Y, Federman S, Gopez A, Arevalo S, Sample HA, Talevich E, Nguyen ED, Gottschall M, Nourbakhsh B, Gold CA, Cree BAC, Douglas VC, Richie MB, Shah MP, Josephson SA, Gelfand JM, Miller S, Wang L, Tihan T, DeRisi JL, Chiu CY, Wilson MR

The B.1.427/1.429 (epsilon) SARS-CoV-2 variants are more virulent than ancestral B.1 (614G) in Syrian hamsters.

bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology

Carroll T, Fox D, van Doremalen N, Ball E, Morris MK, Sotomayor-Gonzalez A, Servellita V, Rustagi A, Yinda CK, Fritts L, Port JR, Ma ZM, Holbrook M, Schulz J, Blish CA, Hanson C, Chiu CY, Munster V, Stanley S, Miller CJ

SARS-CoV-2 Community Transmission disproportionately affects Latinx population during Shelter-in-Place in San Francisco.

Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Chamie G, Marquez C, Crawford E, Peng J, Petersen M, Schwab D, Schwab J, Martinez J, Es DJ, Black D, Gandhi M, Kerkhoff AD, Jain V, Sergi F, Jacobo J, Rojas S, Tulier-Laiwa V, Gallardo-Brown T, Appa A, Chiu C, Rodgers M, Hackett J, Kistler A, Hao S, Kamm J, Dynerman D, Batson J, Greenhouse B, DeRisi J, Havlir DV

SARS-CoV-2 antibody magnitude and detectability are driven by disease severity, timing, and assay.

Science advances

Peluso MJ, Takahashi S, Hakim J, Kelly JD, Torres L, Iyer NS, Turcios K, Janson O, Munter SE, Thanh C, Donatelli J, Nixon CC, Hoh R, Tai V, Fehrman EA, Hernandez Y, Spinelli MA, Gandhi M, Palafox MA, Vallari A, Rodgers MA, Prostko J, Hackett J, Trinh L, Wrin T, Petropoulos CJ, Chiu CY, Norris PJ, DiGermanio C, Stone M, Busch MP, Elledge SK, Zhou XX, Wells JA, Shu A, Kurtz TW, Pak JE, Wu W, Burbelo PD, Cohen JI, Rutishauser RL, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Henrich TJ, Rodriguez-Barraquer I, Greenhouse B