Charles Chiu, MD, PhD

Director, UCSF-Abbott Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center (VDDC)
Associate Director, UCSF Clinical Microbiology Laboratory
Professor
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease
+1 415 514-8219
Research Overview: 

I am an infectious diseases physician and microbiologist and lead a translational research laboratory focusing on (i) metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) assay development for infectious disease diagnostics, (ii) discovery and characterization of emerging viral pathogens, and (iii) development of new bioinformatic tools and cutting-edge genomic technologies for clinical and public health applications. Current projects in my laboratory include (i) pathogen discovery in tickborne infections, acute febrile illness, and blood screening, (ii) investigating links between enterovirus infection and acute flaccid myelitis, and (iii) cell culture, human, and animal studies of Zika virus infection in acutely infected patients and pregnant women. We are also actively leveraging nanopore sequencing for diagnosis and surveillance of febrile illnesses in remote locations, including point-of-care outbreak settings and aboard the International Space Station, and developing bioinformatic pipelines for pathogen identification and host response characterization. Finally, we are investigating the use of machine-learning based methods for generation of models that can predict the cause of infection on the basis of RNA-Seq transcriptomic data.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Virology & Microbial Pathogenesis
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Immunology
Research Summary: 
Metagenomics-Based Technologies for Virus Detection and Discovery

Websites

Publications: 

Previous exposure to Spike-providing parental strains confers neutralizing immunity to XBB lineage and other SARS-CoV-2 recombinants in the context of vaccination.

Emerging microbes & infections

Suryawanshi RK, Taha TY, McCavitt-Malvido M, Silva I, Khalid MM, Syed AM, Chen IP, Saldhi P, Sreekumar B, Montano M, Foresythe K, Tabata T, Kumar GR, Sotomayor-Gonzalez A, Servellita V, Gliwa A, Nguyen J, Kojima N, Arellanor T, Bussanich A, Hess V, Shacreaw M, Lopez L, Brobeck M, Turner F, Wang Y, Ghazarian S, Davis G, Rodriguez D, Doudna J, Spraggon L, Chiu CY, Ott M

Severe Neuroinvasive West Nile Virus in Association With Anti-CD20 Monotherapy for Multiple Sclerosis.

Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation

Thebault S, Gandelman S, Lane C, Kim EJ, Pileggi C, Zuroff L, Yamashita LD, Schindler MK, Chiu C, Wilson MR, Berger JR, Markowitz C, Bar-Or A, Fuller R, Brandstadter R, Pruitt AA, Jacobs DA

Transmission of yellow fever vaccine virus through blood transfusion and organ transplantation in the USA in 2021: report of an investigation.

The Lancet. Microbe

Gould CV, Free RJ, Bhatnagar J, Soto RA, Royer TL, Maley WR, Moss S, Berk MA, Craig-Shapiro R, Kodiyanplakkal RPL, Westblade LF, Muthukumar T, Puius YA, Raina A, Hadi A, Gyure KA, Trief D, Pereira M, Kuehnert MJ, Ballen V, Kessler DA, Dailey K, Omura C, Doan T, Miller S, Wilson MR, Lehman JA, Ritter JM, Lee E, Silva-Flannery L, Reagan-Steiner S, Velez JO, Laven JJ, Fitzpatrick KA, Panella A, Davis EH, Hughes HR, Brault AC, St George K, Dean AB, Ackelsberg J, Basavaraju SV, Chiu CY, Staples JE, Yellow Fever Vaccine Virus Transplant and Transfusion Investigation Team

Viral load quantitation at the point-of-care with shaken digital droplet RT-LAMP.

Lab on a chip

Weisgerber DW, Langer K, Servellita V, Xu P, Chiu CY, Abate AR

Complement Factor I Gene Variant as a Treatable Cause of Recurrent Aseptic Neutrophilic Meningitis: A Case Report.

Neurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation

Rolfes M, Harroud A, Zorn KC, Tubati A, Omura C, Kurtz K, Matloubian M, Berger A, Chiu CY, Wilson MR, Ramachandran PS