Charles Chiu, MD, PhD

Director, UCSF-Abbott Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center (VDDC)
Associate Director, UCSF Clinical Microbiology Laboratory
Professor
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Department of Medicine - Infectious Disease
+1 415 514-8219

I am an infectious diseases physician and microbiologist and lead a translational research laboratory focusing on (i) metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) assay development for infectious disease diagnostics, (ii) discovery and characterization of emerging viral pathogens, and (iii) development of new bioinformatic tools and cutting-edge genomic technologies for clinical and public health applications. Current projects in my laboratory include (i) pathogen discovery in tickborne infections, acute febrile illness, and blood screening, (ii) investigating links between enterovirus infection and acute flaccid myelitis, and (iii) cell culture, human, and animal studies of Zika virus infection in acutely infected patients and pregnant women. We are also actively leveraging nanopore sequencing for diagnosis and surveillance of febrile illnesses in remote locations, including point-of-care outbreak settings and aboard the International Space Station, and developing bioinformatic pipelines for pathogen identification and host response characterization. Finally, we are investigating the use of machine-learning based methods for generation of models that can predict the cause of infection on the basis of RNA-Seq transcriptomic data.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Virology & Microbial Pathogenesis
Secondary Thematic Area: 
Immunology
Research Summary: 
Metagenomics-Based Technologies for Virus Detection and Discovery

Websites

Publications: 

Diagnosis of Fatal Human Case of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus Infection by Metagenomic Sequencing, California, 2016.

Emerging infectious diseases

Chiu CY, Coffey LL, Murkey J, Symmes K, Sample HA, Wilson MR, Naccache SN, Arevalo S, Somasekar S, Federman S, Stryke D, Vespa P, Schiller G, Messenger S, Humphries R, Miller S, Klausner JD

Upregulation of HERV-K is Linked to Immunity and Inflammation in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Circulation

Saito T, Miyagawa K, Chen SY, Tamosiuniene R, Wang L, Sharp O, Samayoa E, Harada D, Moonen JAJ, Cao A, Chen PI, Hennigs JK, Gu M, Li CG, Leib RD, Li D, Adams CM, Del Rosario PA, Bill MA, Haddad F, Montoya JG, Robinson W, Fantl WJ, Nolan GP, Zamanian RT, Nicolls MR, Chiu CY, Ariza ME, Rabinovitch M

Correction: Correction: A Novel Rhabdovirus Associated with Acute Hemorrhagic Fever in Central Africa.

PLoS pathogens

Grard G, Fair JN, Lee D, Slikas E, Steffen I, Muyembe JJ, Sittler T, Veeraraghavan N, Ruby JG, Wang C, Makuwa M, Mulembakani P, Tesh RB, Mazet J, Rimoin AW, Taylor T, Schneider BS, Simmons G, Delwart E, Wolfe ND, Chiu CY, Leroy EM

The eukaryotic gut virome in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: new clues in enteric graft-versus-host disease.

Nature medicine

Legoff J, Resche-Rigon M, Bouquet J, Robin M, Naccache SN, Mercier-Delarue S, Federman S, Samayoa E, Rousseau C, Piron P, Kapel N, Simon F, Socié G, Chiu CY

Metagenomic Sequencing Detects Respiratory Pathogens in Hematopoietic Cellular Transplant Patients.

American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine

Langelier C, Zinter MS, Kalantar K, Yanik GA, Christenson S, O'Donovan B, White C, Wilson M, Sapru A, Dvorak CC, Miller S, Chiu CY, DeRisi JL