Esteban G. Burchard, MD, MPH

Professor
Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences
+1 415 514-9677

Asthma is the most common chronic disease among children. In the U.S., childhood asthma prevalence is highest among Puerto Ricans (18.4%), followed by Blacks (14.6%), Whites (8.2%) and Mexicans (4.8%). These disparities extend to asthma mortality, which is four-fold higher in Puerto Ricans and African Americans compared to Mexican Americans. There are marked differences in drug response to asthma therapies between racial and ethnic groups, which contribute to health disparities in asthma morbidity and mortality. Albuterol, a short-acting ß2-agonist, is the most commonly prescribed asthma medication in the world. We and others have demonstrated that Puerto Rican and African American children with asthma were significantly less responsive to albuterol than European American children. In addition, long-acting ß2-agonist (LABA) usage has been associated with increased mortality among African American subjects. These findings suggest that poor response to asthma therapies contributes to health disparities in asthma morbidity and mortality. Racial/ethnic differences in drug response are partially explained by genetic differences. We study the interplay between genes and the environment to determine the root causes of asthma health disparities in children and adolescents to identify and develop targeted interventions to improve asthma outcomes.

I work in collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team of investigators from several Universities, which includes scientists with expertise in epidemiology, biostatistics, medicine, molecular and cell biology and genomics. Using tools from these disciplines, we perform comprehensive research (genetic, social and environmental) designed to untangle why populations differ in health and disease. We have leveraged the rich ancestry of racially mixed (admixed) populations to untangle complex gene-environment interactions for health and disease. We have developed specific expertise in population-based genetic studies in admixed populations. Most importantly, we are working to ensure that modern advances in research will benefit all populations.

Primary Thematic Area: 
Human Genetics
Secondary Thematic Area: 
None
Research Summary: 
Pharmacogenomics and Genetic Epidemiology of Pulmonary Diseases

Websites

Publications: 

Origins of Cancer Disparities in Young Adults: Logic Models to Guide Research.

American journal of preventive medicine

Hiatt RA, Handley MA, Ling PM, Burchard E, Thakur N, Bibbins-Domingo K

Apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 (APOE-e4) genotype is associated with decreased 6-month verbal memory performance after mild traumatic brain injury.

Brain and behavior

Yue JK, Robinson CK, Burke JF, Winkler EA, Deng H, Cnossen MC, Lingsma HF, Ferguson AR, McAllister TW, Rosand J, Burchard EG, Sorani MD, Sharma S, Nielson JL, Satris GG, Talbott JF, Tarapore PE, Korley FK, Wang KKW, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Diaz-Arrastia R, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT

American Thoracic Society/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Asthma-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overlap Workshop Report.

American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine

Woodruff PG, van den Berge M, Boucher RC, Brightling C, Burchard EG, Christenson SA, Han MK, Holtzman MJ, Kraft M, Lynch DA, Martinez FD, Reddel HK, Sin DD, Washko GR, Wenzel SE, Punturieri A, Freemer MM, Wise RA

PAI-1 gain-of-function genotype, factors increasing PAI-1 levels, and airway obstruction: The GALA II Cohort.

Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Sherenian MG, Cho SH, Levin A, Min JY, Oh SS, Hu D, Galanter J, Sen S, Huntsman S, Eng C, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Serebrisky D, Avila PC, Kalhan R, Smith LJ, Borrell LN, Seibold MA, Keoki Williams L, Burchard EG, Kumar R

Rationale and design of the multiethnic Pharmacogenomics in Childhood Asthma consortium.

Pharmacogenomics

Farzan N, Vijverberg SJ, Andiappan AK, Arianto L, Berce V, Blanca-López N, Bisgaard H, Bønnelykke K, Burchard EG, Campo P, Canino G, Carleton B, Celedón JC, Chew FT, Chiang WC, Cloutier MM, Daley D, Den Dekker HT, Dijk FN, Duijts L, Flores C, Forno E, Hawcutt DB, Hernandez-Pacheco N, de Jongste JC, Kabesch M, Koppelman GH, Manolopoulos VG, Melén E, Mukhopadhyay S, Nilsson S, Palmer CN, Pino-Yanes M, Pirmohamed M, Potocnik U, Raaijmakers JA, Repnik K, Schieck M, Sio YY, Smyth RL, Szalai C, Tantisira KG, Turner S, van der Schee MP, Verhamme KM, Maitland-van der Zee AH